19th and 20th Century warfare history book – “Ethiopian Warriorhood” (Boydell & Brewer, 2018) – Tsehai Berhani interview – MHIO Episode 62

Tsehai Berhane has studied and written on Ethiopia and military history for many years.  We discuss her latest book on Ethiopian warriors from the 1800s to 1900s.

0:58 – Tsehai talks about how she got into studying Ethiopian warrior culture.

2:09 – Tsehai talks about what the book covers and Ethiopian history.

3:50 – Tsehai mentions Ethiopian children wargames.

7:41 – Tsehai talks about how information was shared among Ethiopian warriors.

11:29 – Tsehai talks about militia arsenals.

19:10 – Tsehai talks about the Italian invasion of Ethiopia.

24:18 – Many Ethiopian warriors did not have any idea what mechanized weapons were at the time of the Italian invasion.

31:59 – Tsehai talks about the resources she sued for her research.

34:17 – Tsehai talks about where she found documents for her research.

36:06 – Tsehai talks about why she started the book at 1800.

42:26 – Tsehai found it most difficult to work with militia warriors in rural Ethiopia.

45:00 – Tsehai talks about a sad story during the invasion period involving tanks. Another involves a massacre of Ethiopians.

51:00 – Tsehai talks about how she and other academics were expelled from the country.

54:28 – Tsehai is still looking for information on Ethiopian experiences.

Links of interest

https://boydellandbrewer.com/ethiopian-warriorhood-hb.html

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Tsehai Berhane

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Africa, Ethiopia, warriors, Italy, invasion, kings, Arabs

Renaissance warfare history book – “Renaissance Mass Murder” (Oxford University Press, 2019) – Stephen Bowd interview – MHIO Episode 61

Dr. Stephen Bowd studied and Medieval and Renaissance studies now teaches at the University of Edinburgh.  We talked about his latest book on military mass murders committed during the Italian Wars of the early 16th century.

0:46 – Stephen talks about how he got into writing on massacres during the italian Wars.

2:25 – The book covers the years 1494 to about 1530.

3:18 – The book is broken into sections on mass murder events, what the soldiers thought of murders, what the civilian thought, theories behind mass murder in war, and comparisons to other mass murders.

6:37 – Stephen talks about massacres associated with military activity and those that were between military activities.

9:05 – Stephen talks about the attitudes of soldiers towards civilians.

11:15 – Stephen talks about the nationalities of the various armies involved in these massacres.

13:45 – Stephen talks about the plunder taken in towns during these wars.

15:00 – Stephen talks about the sack of Rome.

16:19 – Stephen talks about the levels of lawlessness in these massacres and seiges.  But there also sometimes plans drawn up for these massacres.

19:30 – Some soldiers feared that peace talks would lead to less plunder for them after the siege or battle ends.

21:47 – Stephen talks about what weapons were used for these massacres.

23:38 – Stephen talks about the numbers of people massacred.

26:30 – Stephen talks about women who trained in arms to defend their towns.

41:00 – Stephen talks about Machiavelli’s views on the murder of civilians.

45:52 – Stephen talks about Protestant-Catholic divisions and these massacres.

48:27 – Stephen discusses how these massacres shape art and the Renaissance.

55:55 – Stephen’s work can be found by googling “Shadow Agents of War.”

 Links of interest

https://global.oup.com/academic/product/renaissance-mass-murder-9780198832614?cc=us&lang=en&
https://www.ed.ac.uk/history-classics-archaeology/about-us/staff-profiles/profile_tab1_academic.php?uun=sbowd

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Stephen Bowd

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, German landsknechts, italian wars, massacres, soldiers, French, Barbarians, Spanish,

Institute of Historical research, Hugo Grotius, Machiavelli, Rome, Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci

Modern warfare history book – “Pretty Liar” (Syracuse University Press, 2018) – Natalie Khazaal interview – MHIO Episode 60

Natalie Khazaal is assistant professor of international studies and Arab culture at Texas A&M University. She studies the role of the media in representations of minorities, as well as the role of language and literature in generating media representations. We spoke about her latest book on television during the Lebanese Civil War of 1975-1991.

0:36 – Natalie explains how she got into studying and writing on television during the Lebanese Civil War of 1975-1991

5:50 – Natalie talks about the Lebanese Civil War and what it was about.

8:00 – Natalie talks about the parts of Lebanon impacted by the civil war.

10:55 – Lebanese people refer to the civil war as “The War of Others.”

11:25 – Natalie talks about the specifics of the book.  It looks at news television and television entertainment.

15:03 – Natalie talks about who controlled Lebanese television during the civil war.  News became a hotly debated issue.

19:00 – Natalie talks about coverage of the World Cup during the war.

21:00 – Natalie talks about how language and gender was affected by the civil war.

31:48 – Natalie touches a little on radio.

34:38 – Natalie talks about cable television and how the book is about terrestial television.

37:00 – Television didn’t do enough to warn Lebanese people about war events so they developed their own code words to exchange information.

42:30 – Natalie discusses about how Lebanese people during the civil war brought up the same questions then that citizen journalists ask now.

44:04 – Natalie talks about the resources she used for her study.

51:20 – Natalie talks about news bulletin records and how difficult they are to access.

59:46 – Natalie  has a twitter account @natalie_khazaal and she’s on Facebook at Natalie Lemonn.

Links of interest

http://syracuseuniversitypress.syr.edu/fall-2018/pretty-liar.html

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Natalie Khazaal

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Lebanese Civil war, media, television, Lebanon, palestinian, Israel, Beirut, Arab, Arabic, Syria, United States

Ancient warfare military history book – “Soldier, Priest, and God” (Oxford University Press, 2018) – Fred Naiden interview – MHIO Episode 59

Dr. Fred Naiden studies ancient Greek law, religion, and warfare, including Near-Eastern parallels.  He teaches at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and we spoke about his latest book on Alexander the Great.

0:52 – Fred talks about how he became interested in writing on this.

3:15 – Fred talks about how the book is laid out.  It covers Alexander’s military career from start to finish.

6:56 – Fred talks about how the Egyptians and Persians viewed the Greeks and Macedonians. 

11:33 – Fred talks about Alexander’s upbringing. He also touches on Alexander’s relationship with Aristotle.

15:21 – Fred talks about Alexander’s effects on native religions.

19:48 – Fred talks about how Alexander performed religious ceremonies.

22:09 – Fred talks about Alexander in India.

25:05 – Fred talks about Alexander as a man on a mission to learn about different cultures and with an ambitious curiosity.

34:00 – Fred talks about the resources he used for his research.

53:46 – Fred has a page on the University of North Carolina website.

Links of interest

https://global.oup.com/academic/product/soldier-priest-and-god-9780190875343?cc=us&lang=en&

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Fred Naiden

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Alexander the Great, Egypt, Persia, Islam, Quran, Hebrews, Macedonia, Greece, Muslims, India, Afghanistan

Tenth century Byzantine military history book – “Byzantine Military Tactics in Syria and Mesopotamia in the 10th century” (Edinburgh University Press, 2018) – Georgios Theotokis interview – MHIO Episode 58

Georgios Theotokis studies warfare in medieval Europe and the Mediterranean.  He’s written extensively on this subject and we spoke about his latest book on the Byzantine and Arab militaries in the tenth century.

0:51 – Georgios talks about how he got into writing a book on the tenth century Byzantine military. 

2:51 – Georgios talks about the military situation at the time period the book focuses on. 

4:10 – Georgios talks about the book.  It’s a comparison of military cultures of the period.

6:49 – Georgios talks about the Byzantium grand strategy. He also touches on tactics and equipment.

11:15 – Georgios touches on espionage in the period.

14:15 – Georgios talks about border security during the period.

20:16 – Georgios talks about how control is established in the towns of the border.

24:40 – Georgios talks about raids and skirmishes on the border.

28:31 – Georgios talks about how borders changed during this period.

34:32 – Georgios compares the equipment of the Arab and Byzantium militaries in the tenth century. He talks about heavy infantry among other types of units.

37:51 – Georgios talks about the evidence, documents and such, that support his research.

40:12 – Georgios talks about the evidence that informs researchers about the military equipment – armor or weapons.

45:12 – Georgios talks about why saints in Greek and Anatolian churches were painted wearing contemporary armor and weapons.

52:24 – Georgios talks about the discoveries that he would most like to see happen in relation to his work. 

54:50 – Georgios mentions about the battles of Tarsus and Al-Hadat. 

1:06:10 – Georgios has a page on academia.edu.

Links of interest

https://edinburghuniversitypress.com/book-byzantine-military-tactics-in-syria-and-mesopotamia-in-the-10th-century.html
http://bogaziciuniversity.academia.edu/GeorgiosTheotokis

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Georgios Theotokis

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, byzantine, byzantium, arab, aleppo, balkans, italy, crete, armenia, Akritas, syria, emir, caliph, general, armor, weapons, archaeology, Cilician gates, Crusaders, Armenians, Seljuk turks

Kurdish conflict studies book – “Anatomy of a Civil War” (University of Michigan Press, 2018) – Mehmet Gurses interview – MHIO Episode 57

Dr. Mehmet Gurses is trained as a social and political scientist.  He’s spent a great deal of time studying civil wars around the world.  He eventually began studying the Kurdish conflict and has written a book about his research.  We spoke about the book. 

0:54 – Mehmet talks about how he got into the subject.  He is Kurdish and grew up in Southeastern Turkey.

7:07 – Mehmet talks about how the book is laid out and what it discusses.

12:37 – Mehmet talks about the four years of research he did on the Kurdish conflict to write this book.

16:29 – Mehmet talks about his response rate for interviews and security issues.

17:45 – Mehmet talks about the positive effects of the conflict.

32:36 – Mehmet expands on how he did the research for the book.

59:28 – Mehmet has writings available on google scholar. 

Links of interest

https://www.press.umich.edu/9946395/anatomy_of_a_civil_war
https://www.fau.edu/artsandletters/politicalscience/faculty/gurses/

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Mehmet Gurses

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Turkey, Kurd, Kurdish conflict, trauma

Medieval knight art and history book – “A Knight for the Ages” (J. Paul Getty Museum, 2018) – Elizabeth Morrison interview – MHIO Episode 56

Dr. Elizabeth Morrison holds a PhD in Medieval art and is senior curator of manuscripts at the J. Paul Getty Museum of Los Angeles.  We spoke about her recent book on a manuscript extolling the life of famous medieval Knight Jacques de Lalaing.

1:01 – Elizabeth talks about how she got into studying medieval art and knights.

2:42 – Elizabeth talks about the book and the manuscript that the book is about. The knight that the manuscript is about represents a transition from medieval to Renaissance warfare.

6:45 – Elizabeth talks about chivalric biographies.

15:57 – Elizabeth talks about the historical background and historical accuracy of the manuscript.

19:56 – Elizabeth talks about the resources used for the research for the book.

34:35 – Elizabeth talks about how the Getty realized that the manuscript had a different creation date than what had been originally believed.

37:33 – Elizabeth talks about the Getty’s conservationist scientists and technologies.

47:00 – Elizabeth’s works can be found at the Getty bookstore online.

Links of interest

http://blogs.getty.edu/iris/author/emorrison/

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Elizabeth Morrison

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict,war, interview, non-fiction book, Burgundy, art history, library history,medieval art, French knights, knights, 15th century, artillery,renaissance, Simon Bening, Jacques de Lalaing, Ghent wars, France, French history, Burgundian court

Apache Wars history book – “A Bad Peace and A Good War” (University of Oklahoma Press, 2018) – Mark Santiago interview – MHIO Episode 55

Mark Santiago is a historian and director of the New Mexico Farm & Ranch heritage Museum.  He’s written articles and books on Spanish history in the Americas and we talk about his new book on the Spanish-Apache War of 1795. 

 0:52 – Mark talks about how he got into studying history.  He’s currently the head of a New Mexico museum.

2:00 – Mark talks about the details of the book.  It deals with a period of 30 years when the Spanish were trying to deal with the Apaches. Many historians have called this a period of peace but in 1795 there was a large scale conflict between the Mescalero and the Spanish.

6:53 – Mark talks about the basis for Mescalero resistance to Spain.  This includes conflict with other Native American groups.

19:01 – Mark talks about the demographics and population patterns in this area in the late 18th century.

24:59 – Mark talks about the size and make-up of the garrisons in the Presidios.  He also discusses their weapons, armor and tactics. There is a lot of similarity to what the US cavalry did a hundred years later.

32:15 – Mark talks about cannons at the Presidios, the effectivness of the Presidios in controlling war parties, and where the troops at the Presidios came from.

 42:00 – Mark talks about three Presidios of Indian soldierson the northern frontier.

43:55 – Mark talks about the resources he used for the book.

58:55 – Mark talks about the end of the Spanish Empire.

1:09:20 – Mark can be reached at msantiagobooks@gmail.com to answer questions about his work.

Links of interest

https://www.oupress.com/books/15037346/a-bad-peace-and-a-good-war
http://www.nmfarmandranchmuseum.org/

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Mark Santiago

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict,war, interview, non-fiction book, Spanish borderlands, Bourbon reforms, Apaches,New Mexico, French, british, Spanish Empire, Spain, Arizona, Texas, Comanche.Bernardo De Galvez, reservations, presidios, Lepan, Chiracahua, Revolutionary France, light cavalry, heavy cavalry, carbines, dragoons, Carlos III

WWI history book – “Peace at Last” (Yale University Press, 2018) – Guy Cuthbertson interview – MHIO Episode 54


Dr. Guy Cuthbertson is an Associate Professor in English Literature and Head of the English Department at Liverpool Hope University. He’s studied at St Andrews University and at The Queen’s College, Oxford University.  We spoke about his latest book on the end of WWI.

0:57 – Guy talks about how he got into writing on study.  He started in English and moved into biography. 

2:05 – Guy talks about the book and WWI.

 6:28 – The book focuses on the human aspect of the last dayof WWI. Festivities and religion are two aspects he looks at.  He always tries to look at areas beyond London.

12:59 – Guy talks about the changes in society between the beginning and the end of the war.

 15:40 – Guy talks about the idea that the war broke down class distinctions and social mores.

 21:58 – Guy talks about the resources he used for his research.

26:21 – Guy talks about Gladstone’s library and other archives he went to.

54:44 – Guy has a website GuyCuthbertson.com

Links of interest


https://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9780300233384

https://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9780300233384

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Guy Cuthbertson

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict,war, interview, non-fiction book, WWI, world war one, faulkner, disney, fitzgerald, wilfred owen