After extending the Roman northern border in the previous quarter-century, Tiberius had to deal with Germanic uprisings during this time frame in the Elbe, Pannonia and Illyria regions. In the German forest of Teutoburg, the rebellious Arminius, a German chieftain and Roman officer, ambushed Roman legions under Varus and annihilated many of them. Other punitive expeditions were conducted by Tiberius and Germanicus Caesar after Teutoburg. In the East, Augustus of Rome had to deal with Parthian campaigns in Armenia and eventually Rome attacked Parthia in order to restore order in Armenia. In China, Emperor Wang Mang incurred the wrath of the wealthy by abolishing slavery and instituting an income tax. After the Yellow River flooded in 17, Mother Lu led a religious peasant revolt against the emperor. This combination of enemies ended Mang's short-lived Hsin dynasty.
Notable Battles 9 Teutoburg Forest between Arminius and Varus.