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<225-249     A.D. 250-274     275-299>

A.D. 2--

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Saxon Raids
Roman-Gothic War, First Roman-Gothic War, Second Roman-Gothic War, Third Roman-Alemannic War Aurelian's War Against Tetricus
Roman-Gothic War, Second
Roman Civil "War"
Roman Civil "War"
Roman-Persian War (Shapur I) Aurelian's War Against Zenobia
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In Britain, Saxon attacks continued.  Around 250, the Romans began building nine defensive seashore forts stretching from Kent to modern Portsmouth.  In Rome, civil troubles continued with agreat deal of insurgency occuring in the areas of Gaul, Illyria and Illyricum.  In the area of Bulgaria, Emperor Decius of Rome, battled the invading Goths and chased them into Greece.  Despite his successes, he was ambushed and killed.  The new emperor, Gallus, allowed the Goths to keep their plunder and receive an annual tribute from Rome in exchange for their peaceable return to the area north of the Danube River.  The next year, Goths began attacking the Balkans and Asia Minor.  They then quickly returned north with their loot.  To the east, Shapur I invaded and conquered Armenia.  He then attacked Mesopotamia and Syria.  A Roman counter-attack failed and emperor Valerian was taken prisoner.  Shapur then took Syria, Antioch and other eastern Roman lands.  While returning east, a prince of Palmyra attacked Shapur and drove him out of Asia Minor and Syria.  In 267, the Goths attacked Greece again.  Emperor Gallienus of Rome cornered the Goths and slaughtered thousands of them.  However, because of troubles in Rome, Gallienus could not stay and pursue the survivors.  He was then killed in Milan, ending that Roman Civil War. His successor, emperor Claudius II campaigned against the Goths with great success and earned the name "Gothicus."  His successor, Emperor Aurelian, continued the campaign and forced the Goths to settle in Dacia (Rumania).  Shortly afterwards, the Germanic Alemanni invaded northern Italy.  Aurelian drove them out, built forts on the south bank of the Danube and put walls around Rome. In central Syria, the Palmyrans invaded areas of Syria, Asia Minor and Egypt and proclaimed independence from Rome.  Emperor Aurelian defeated the Palmyrans and forgave their actions.  They again declared independence once he left.  Aurelian returned and destroyed Palmyra and its leaders.  In the west, Tetricus had been declared emperor of Gaul, Britain and northern Spain in 270.  In 273, Aurelian defeated Tetricus and re-conquered this western empire for Rome.

Notable Battles
260 Edessa (Urfa) between Valerian and Shapur.
268 Nish between Gallienus and the Goths.
271 Placentia (Piacenza) between Aurelian and the Alemanni.
271 Pavia between Aurelain and the Alemanni.
272 Emesa (Homs, Syria) between Aurelian and the Palmyrans.
273 Chalons-sur-Marne between Aurelian and Tetricus.


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