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<375-399    A.D. 400-424     425-449>

A.D. 4--

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Stilicho's Wars with the Visigoths (Alaric) Rome, Visigothic Sack of
Irish Raids in Britain Visigothic Raids on the Roman Empire, Later
Saxon Raids
Vandal Raids on the Roman Empire  (Spain) (North Africa)
Vandal Raids on the Roman Empire
Hun Raids on the Roman Empire  (Attila the Hun)
Hun Raids on the Roman Empire (Attila the Hun)
Roman-Persian War
Gupta Dynasty, Conquests of the
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The Scots of Ireland continued to raid the western British coast.  However, the ruler of Gwynedd in Wales, expelled the Scots and the raids effectively ended.  In the eastern Roman Empire, Constantinople began paying the Huns not to attack.   In the west, the Visigothic leader Alaric allied with the Gothic leader, Radagaisus, and began attacking northern Italy.  Roman commander Stilicho defeated these invaders but they began attacking Italy again the next year.  Stilicho made peace a second time with Alaric and defeated Radagaisus in battle.  Alaric took the leaderless Gothic kingdom and then received a large ransom from Rome for Gothic services to the empire. The Germanic Vandal tribe invaded Gual in 406.  Following this, the Vandals were driven into Spain and squirmished with the Romans and later with the Visigoths.  In 408, Stilicho was executed for treason.  With the death of Stilicho, Alaric began to beseige Rome.  Despite, the arrival of reinforcements from Constantinople, Alaric took Rome and then headed south en route to Africa.  Because of these many problems, Roman troops were withdrawn from Britain and the Saxons resumed raiding there.  Picts, Saxons and Scots joined in the raiding on Britain.  Alaric died shortly after the sacking of Rome.  The new Visigoth leader made a brief alliance with Rome to control uprisings in Gaul and Spain.  However, the Visigoths began taking territories in Gaul and Spain for themselves.  In 415, a new Visigothic leader joined Rome against the Vandals and Alans in Spain and were given land in Gaul and foederati status for this.  In 422, the Visigoths joined the Vandals against Rome. In the east, Bahram V of Persia harassed the Romans in Mesopotamia over religious issues.  In India, Chandragupta II continued the conquest and control of northern India.

Notable Battles
402 Pollentia (Polenza) between Stilicho and the Danubian Confederation.
405 Fiesole between Stilicho and Radagaisus.
410 Rome between the Romans and Alaric.
413 Narbonne between the Romans and Ataulphus.


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