Apache Wars history book – “A Bad Peace and A Good War” (University of Oklahoma Press, 2018) – Mark Santiago interview – MHIO Episode 55

Mark Santiago is a historian and director of the New Mexico Farm & Ranch heritage Museum.  He’s written articles and books on Spanish history in the Americas and we talk about his new book on the Spanish-Apache War of 1795. 

 0:52 – Mark talks about how he got into studying history.  He’s currently the head of a New Mexico museum.

2:00 – Mark talks about the details of the book.  It deals with a period of 30 years when the Spanish were trying to deal with the Apaches. Many historians have called this a period of peace but in 1795 there was a large scale conflict between the Mescalero and the Spanish.

6:53 – Mark talks about the basis for Mescalero resistance to Spain.  This includes conflict with other Native American groups.

19:01 – Mark talks about the demographics and population patterns in this area in the late 18th century.

24:59 – Mark talks about the size and make-up of the garrisons in the Presidios.  He also discusses their weapons, armor and tactics. There is a lot of similarity to what the US cavalry did a hundred years later.

32:15 – Mark talks about cannons at the Presidios, the effectivness of the Presidios in controlling war parties, and where the troops at the Presidios came from.

 42:00 – Mark talks about three Presidios of Indian soldierson the northern frontier.

43:55 – Mark talks about the resources he used for the book.

58:55 – Mark talks about the end of the Spanish Empire.

1:09:20 – Mark can be reached at msantiagobooks@gmail.com to answer questions about his work.

Links of interest

https://www.oupress.com/books/15037346/a-bad-peace-and-a-good-war
http://www.nmfarmandranchmuseum.org/

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Mark Santiago

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict,war, interview, non-fiction book, Spanish borderlands, Bourbon reforms, Apaches,New Mexico, French, british, Spanish Empire, Spain, Arizona, Texas, Comanche.Bernardo De Galvez, reservations, presidios, Lepan, Chiracahua, Revolutionary France, light cavalry, heavy cavalry, carbines, dragoons, Carlos III

WWI history book – “Peace at Last” (Yale University Press, 2018) – Guy Cuthbertson interview – MHIO Episode 54


Dr. Guy Cuthbertson is an Associate Professor in English Literature and Head of the English Department at Liverpool Hope University. He’s studied at St Andrews University and at The Queen’s College, Oxford University.  We spoke about his latest book on the end of WWI.

0:57 – Guy talks about how he got into writing on study.  He started in English and moved into biography. 

2:05 – Guy talks about the book and WWI.

 6:28 – The book focuses on the human aspect of the last dayof WWI. Festivities and religion are two aspects he looks at.  He always tries to look at areas beyond London.

12:59 – Guy talks about the changes in society between the beginning and the end of the war.

 15:40 – Guy talks about the idea that the war broke down class distinctions and social mores.

 21:58 – Guy talks about the resources he used for his research.

26:21 – Guy talks about Gladstone’s library and other archives he went to.

54:44 – Guy has a website GuyCuthbertson.com

Links of interest


https://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9780300233384

https://yalebooks.co.uk/display.asp?K=9780300233384

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Guy Cuthbertson

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict,war, interview, non-fiction book, WWI, world war one, faulkner, disney, fitzgerald, wilfred owen

US Civil War history book – “River of Death” (University of North Carolina Press, 2018) – William Robertson interview – MHIO Episode 52

William Glenn Robertson has a PhD in History and has written books and numerous articles on the US Civil War. He became a faculty member of the Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas in 1981. There he revived the educational technique known as the Staff Ride and wrote the Army’s manual on the subject. He retired as the Director, Combat Studies Institute in 2011. We spoke about his latest US Civil War book on the Chickamauga campaign.

0:47 – William talks about how he got into studying military history. He grew up around it.

4:24 – William talks about the book itself. He talks about the motivation to write it.

7:27 – William talks about how his study differs from previous studies of the Chickamagua campaign. William talks about the personalities of the military leaders and also how they moved through and mapped the terrain they were fighting in.

16:05 – William talks about feeding and supplying large Civil War armies.

18:41 – William talks about the staffs of these armies.

23:49 – William talks about a southern family that had a son in the Union Army and who fed false information to the Confederate Army.

25:34 – William talks about the role of technology in the campaign.

32:04 – William talks about how no one had ever managed armies the size of those in the US Civil War.

34:43 – William talks about what documents he used for his research.

50:43 – William talks about some of the Civil War stories that saddened him.

59:26 – William talks about a serious problem he sees in the study of US Civil War history.

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: William Glenn Robertson

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, US history, US military history, US Civil War, Georgia, Chickamauga, Union, Confederacy

War films analysis book – “The Philosophy of War Films” (University Press of Kentucky, HC, 2014, PB, 2018) – David LaRocca interview – MHIO Episode 51

David LaRocca has studied philosophy, film, rhetoric, and religion. He’s worked with a number of institutions where he has studied and taught these subjects. We talk about his editing work on a recent book on war films.

0:42 – David talks about how he got into studying war films. He was first interested in war photography.

4:33 – David talks about the focus of the book and begins talking about Werner Herzog.

8:46 – David talks about the philosophy of war and war films.

17:27 – David talks about who and what war movies are for. Are they for veterans or for non-military audiences?

22:08 – David talks about how realistic war movies can be.

26:44 – David talks about how movies have a way of telling stories that may conflict with actual events.

37:06 – David talks about who makes war movies versus who undergoes the experience.

43:53 – David talks about serializing war stories.

45:19 – David talks about video games and war stories.

49:12 – David talks about the various disciplines applied in this book.

59:24 – David’s work can be found at DavidLaRocca.org.

Links of interest

http://davidlarocca.org/David_LaRocca.org/David_LaRocca.html

http://www.kentuckypress.com/live/title_detail.php?titleid=3324#.W_ypnzFReM9

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: David LaRocca

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Werner Herzog, Jeff Wall, Christian Bale, Saving Private Ryan, veterans, Normandy, Spielberg, Restrepo, Chris Kyle, American Sniper, video games

Modern military analysis and history book – “Civil-Military Relations in Southeast Asia” (Cambridge University Press, 2018) – Aurel Croissant interview – MHIO Episode 50

Dr. Aurel Croissant is Professor of Political Science at the Institute of Political Science, Ruprecht-Karls-University, Heidelberg. His main research interests include the comparative analysis of political structures and processes in East- and Southeast Asia, the theoretical and empirical analysis of democracy, civil-military relations, terrorism and political violence. We discussed his latest book on civil-military relations in Southeast Asia.

0:55 – Aurel talks about how he got into studying Southeast Asian military affairs.

1:45 – Aurel talks about the countries that he focuses on in the book.

3:59 – Aurel talks about how these various countries developed their military institutions. Both the western model and the Soviet model have had an affect on these countries.

9:28 – Aurel talks about the military startegies of these countries.

10:21 – Aurel talks about these militaries roles in their respective societies.

13:53 – Aurel talks about which servies dominate the various militaries.

15:18 – Aurel talks about how he did the research for the book.

19:27 – Aurel talks about the influence that elites have in civil-military continuity.

27:34 – Aurel can be found on the Heidelberg University website.

Links of interest

https://www.uni-heidelberg.de/politikwissenschaften/personal/croissant/croissant_en.html

https://www.cambridge.org/core/elements/civilmilitary-relations-in-southeast-asia/6E22E7C9244503D345920BF7F44347A2

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Aurel Croissant

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Southeast Asia, independence, colonialism, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, Indonesia

WWI history book – “The Myriad Legacies of 1917 – A Year of War and Revolution” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018) -Maartje Abbenhuis interview – MHIO Episode 49

Maartje Abbenhuis is a historian of of neutrality and internationalism, especially in regards to Europe from 1815 to 1919. She’s written numerous articles and books on the subject and teaches at the University of Auckland. We talk about her most recent work, a collection of essays on WWI in 1917 that she co-edited.

1:05 – Maartje talks about how she got into editing a book on WWI.

6:17 – We discuss the parallel between Lord of the Rings and WWI.

9:09 – Maartje talks about the essays in the book.

10:54 – Maartje talks about security and civil rights during WWI.

13:15 – Maartje talks about how the book reflects the New Zealand symposium that it was meant to accompany.

18:06 – Maartje talks about India’s involvement in WWI and also about Indian resistane to the British at this time.

25:12 – Maartje talks about New Zealand and WWI.

30:15 – Maartje talks about some of the research that went into the essays and what the collection goals were. She mentions that two of the essays were written by museum curators and directors.

33:18 – Maartje talks about German memories of WWI.

43:17 – Maartje talks about the global effects of WWI.

56:55 – Maartje talks about New Zealand and how its foundation myths connect to WWI.

1:00:26 – Maartje is on twitter @maartjeabb.

Links of interest

https://twitter.com/maartjeabb?lang=en

https://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9783319736846

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Maartje Abbenhuis

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, India, Britian, WWII, Germany, New Zealand, WWI, Empire, Ottoman, Maori, Australia, United States, California, latin America, globalization, industrial warfare

Ancient Greek Warfare archaeology and history book – “The Fortifications of Arkadian City-States in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods” (Oxford University Press, 2017) – Matt Maher interview – MHIO Episode 47

Dr. Matt Maher is an instructor at the University of Winnipeg. His specialty is ancient Greek military architecture. We discussed his latest book on the fortifications of Arkadian city-states.

0:56 – Matt talks about how he started studying classical Greek archaeology.

2:51 – Matt talks about how the book is laid out. He covers nineteen sites in detail in the book out of the forty or so cities that existed in ancient times.

5:41 – The book covers from about the end of the Persian wars to the death of Alexander the Great.

7:33 – Matt talks about how new technologies like catapults affected fortification construction.

12:23 – Matt talks about the material of the walls and what affected how they were physically built.

17:10 – Matt talks about the three different types of fortifications he divides the sites into.

22:56 – Matt talks about how he used Google Earth to find some of the cities that he examined.

29:51 – Matt talks about excavating the fill of the walls he looked at.

31:20 – Matt talks about how he did his research for the book.

36:20 – Matt talks about the vegetation he found around the sites and what vegetation might have existed in ancient Greece.

39:36 – Matt talks about some suprises he encountered as he did his research.

44:00 – Matt talks about how the fortified cities reinforced each other.

48:38 – Matt talks about dependent polis and how they might have been part of the defensive network.

59:51 – Matt is on academia.edu. He’s on twitter @drmattmaher. The book has links to other publications too.

Links of interest

https://global.oup.com/academic/product/the-fortifications-of-arkadian-city-states-in-the-classical-and-hellenistic-periods-9780198786597?cc=us&lang=en&

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Matt Maher

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Ancient Greece, Arcadian League, Greek warfare, fortifications, catapults, warfare, spartans, sparta, megalopolis

WWII and Soviet Russia history book – “The Industrialization of Soviet Russia Volume 7” (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018) – Mark Harrison interview – MHIO Episode 44

Mark Harrison has been a historian studying the Soviet Union and the Soviet economy for many decades. We talked about his latest project, a book about the Soviet economy just prior to WWII which he co-authored.

0:51 – Mark talks about how he got into studying Soviet history and its economic history and how it pertains to WWII.

3:07 – Mark talks about how the book breaks down the subject and its place in a book series on Soviet history.

10:45 – Mark talks about how few people in the Soviet system wanted to make final decisions.

13:43 – Mark talks about how much control the central authority had over outlying areas of the Soviet Union.

18:45 – Mark talks about how a good harvest in the Soviet Union at this time hurt Stalin’s plans.

21:07 – Mark talks about how the Politburo decided how many armaments to make.

26:15 – Mark talks about how the Soviets were planning for massive future war. Stalin was also very worried about the fifth column and the “unconscious” enemy.

30:09 – Mark talks about Soviet strategy for future war.

34:05 – Mark talks about allied support to the Soviet Union and what the Soviets had expected.

39:15 – mark talks about the various archives used for the research.

44:09 – Mark talks about Soviet and German record keeping and differences between Hitler’s and Stalin’s leadership styles.

49:18 – Mark talks about the Lithuanian KGB and archives about it.

53:29 – mark talks about jet propulsion in the 1930s.

1:09:35 – Mark can be found by googling “Mark Harrison Warwick”. He also has a blog which can be found by googling the previous phrase and adding the word “blog.”

Links of interest

Book’s home page – www.palgrave.com/9781137362377

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Mark Harrison

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, Soviet Union, Germany, KGB, purges, agriculture, industrialization, WWII, world war two, Stalin, Hitlet, Politburo, strategy

Roman Empire civil wars history book – “Emperors and Usurpers in the Later Roman Empire” (Oxford University Press, 2018) – Adrastos Omissi interview – MHIO Episode 43

Dr. Adrastos Omissi is a lecturer in Latin literature and his specialty is the later Roman Empire. We spoke about his latest book on panegyrics associated with the Roman civil wars of the Later Roman Empire.

0:52 – Adrastos talks about how he got into studying the history of the Roman Empire.

2:17 – Adrastos talks about the book and the later Roman Empire and the civil wars.

6:02 – Adrastos talks about how bureaucratic Rome was.

8:11 – Adrastos talks about how Roman civil wars commonly began.

13:57 – Adrastos talks about how would-be usurpers put together their forces.

19:49 – Adrastos discusses ideas on how religion affected the civil wars.

22:17 – Adrastos discusses the economic aspects of the civil wars. He makes an interesting point on Roman strategy and the focus of the Roman military.

26:35 – Adrastos talks about the resources he used for the book.

33:34 – Adrastos talks about British museums that have collections dealing with the Roman civil wars.

37:02 – Adrastos talks about the most alarming thing he learned while doing his research.

41:14 – Adrastos talks about the style pf the panegyrics he studied.

44:00 – Adrastos touches on St. Augustine’s writing.

47:55 – Adrastos talks about whether these panegyrics provide any military information.

57:07 – Adrastos can be found on twitter @adrastosomissi

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Links of interest

https://www.gla.ac.uk/schools/humanities/staff/adrastosomissi/

Guests: Adrastos Omissi

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, ancient rome, roman empire, civil wars, Diocletian, Roman emperors, barbarians, Roman army, St. Augustine

WWII history book – “Hitler’s American Friends” (Thomas Dunne Books, 2018) – Bradley Hart interview – MHIO Episode 42

Bradley Hart is an assistant professor at Cal State, Fresno and his research focus is far right extremism in the United States. We discussed his latest book on American support for Nazis prior to WWII.

0:47 – Bradley talks about how he got into studying and writing WWII history. Eugenics started in Britain and the US especially in California.

2:27 – Bradley talks about his book and the research. His book focuses on various groups that supported the German Nazi party.

5:30 – Bradley talks about the various open and secret ways in which Germany tried to influence US politics.

7:07 – Bradley talks about anti-Nazi Germans in the US. However a lot of US college administrators supported Nazi discussions on campus to communist support.

11:40 – Bradley talks about religious figures that supported the Nazis.

14:24 – Bradley talks about Nazi-ism and occultism especially among the SS.

15:58 – Bradley talks about US military support for the Nazis.

16:55 – Bradley talks about politics affects on US support for the Nazis.

17:50 – Bradley talks about how he did his research and the diaries he came across. British agents spied on Nazis in the US and helped stop them.

24:34 – Bradley mentions which American cities had the most Nazi support.

27:15 – Bradley mentions Hollywood films and Germany. He also talks about how the British viewed the US and support for Nazis.

31:15 – Bradley was surprised at the bipartisan hatred for FDR that he found. He also talks about American and British authors who supported and opposed Nazi thought.

36:06 – Bradley talked about using FOIA to get some documents.

41:45 – Bradley mentions a Hollywood ant-Nazi league that included Hollywood celebrities and movie people. But this league was also backed by the communists.

51:38 – He’s on twitter @drbhart and he has a website at bradleywhart.com.

Links of interest

http://bradleywhart.com/about-me/

For more “Military History Inside Out” please follow me on Facebook at warscholar, on twitter at Warscholar, on youtube at warscholar1945 and on Instagram @crisalvarezswarscholar

Guests: Bradley Hart

Host: Cris Alvarez

Tags: military, history, military history, conflict, war, interview, non-fiction book, WWII, World War Two, Hitler, Germany, Nazi, FDR, United States